[c++] Constructors for aggregate classes

Constructors in C++ are special member functions used for initializing objects of a class. Aggregate classes are classes with no user-declared constructors, no private or protected non-static data members, no base classes, and no virtual functions. In C++, aggregate initialization allows you to directly initialize an aggregate class using a brace-enclosed initializer list.

What are Constructors in C++?

In C++, a constructor is a special member function that is automatically called when an object of a class is created. Constructors are used to initialize the data members of the class and perform any necessary setup operations.

Aggregate Classes

An aggregate class in C++ is a class that meets certain criteria:

  1. No User-Declared Constructors: The class does not have any user-declared constructors.
  2. No Private or Protected Non-Static Data Members: All data members of the class are either public or are static data members.
  3. No Base Classes: The class does not have any base classes.
  4. No Virtual Functions: The class does not have any virtual functions.

Constructors for Aggregate Classes

For aggregate classes, C++ provides an implicit default constructor that performs default initialization for each non-static data member of the class. If you need to perform more complex initialization for an aggregate class, you can define a user-declared constructor as of C++11.

Here’s an example of a user-declared constructor for an aggregate class:

struct Point
    int x, y;
    Point(int px, int py) : x(px), y(py) {}

In this example, the Point class is an aggregate class, and the Point constructor takes two parameters px and py to initialize the x and y members of the class.


Constructors play a crucial role in C++ classes as they are responsible for initializing objects. For aggregate classes, you can explicitly define a constructor to perform custom initialization. Understanding how constructors work with aggregate classes is essential for creating well-structured and maintainable C++ code.

For further reference on constructors and aggregate classes in C++, please refer to the C++ documentation.

I hope the provided information was helpful. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask!