[c++] Pointer comparisons

In C++, pointers are used to store memory addresses of variables. You can compare pointers in various ways to check their relationships or positions in memory.

Comparing Pointers for Equality

To check if two pointers point to the same memory address, you can use the equality operator (==). For example:

int* ptr1;
int* ptr2;

// Compare if ptr1 and ptr2 point to the same address
if (ptr1 == ptr2) {
    // Pointers are equal
} else {
    // Pointers are not equal

Comparing Pointer Relationships

You can also compare pointer relationships using inequality operators (<, >, <=, >=). These comparisons are based on the memory addresses the pointers are pointing to.

For example:

int* ptr3;
int* ptr4;

// Compare if ptr3 is greater than ptr4
if (ptr3 > ptr4) {
    // ptr3 is greater than ptr4
} else {
    // ptr3 is not greater than ptr4

These comparisons are useful in scenarios where you need to manage memory allocation or perform custom memory management.

Comparing Null Pointers

You can check if a pointer is a null pointer using the equality operator (==) with nullptr.

For example:

int* ptr5 = nullptr;

// Check if ptr5 is a null pointer
if (ptr5 == nullptr) {
    // ptr5 is a null pointer
} else {
    // ptr5 is not a null pointer


Pointer comparisons are important in C++ for managing memory, checking for null pointers, and determining the relationships between different memory addresses.

By using pointer comparisons, you can efficiently handle memory allocation and improve the overall performance of your C++ programs.

For further details, you can refer to the C++ Reference for Pointer Comparisons.